Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Abrasives for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Abrasives and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. Density is the weight of a shipment relative to its size in freight shipping.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Abrasives, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is a measure of how easily a shipment can be packed or stored.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Abrasives. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability refers to the responsibility assumed for potential damage or loss during shipment.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Abrasives. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Abrasives. Handling refers to the process of managing freight during shipping.
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
Created and maintained by a nonprofit organization called the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA), National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is a classification system used for interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce movement of LTL shipments. You can learn more on our freight classes pages.
If the couch you are shipping has not been assembled yet and you are shipping various components that you can use freight class 250. If you are shipping a complete product then you should use freight class 175.