Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Aircraft for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Aircraft and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's the compactness of a shipment – how much it weighs compared to how much space it takes up.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Aircraft, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is a factor in freight shipping that refers to how efficiently an item can be stowed.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Aircraft. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability refers to the risks involved in the transportation of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Aircraft. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Aircraft. Handling refers to the steps taken to ensure the safe transport of goods.
Aircraft Parts Viz
Wheels With Tires Mounted
In boxes or crates.
Loose or in packages.
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
The National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) publishes a list of freight class designations, codes, and subclasses for commonly shipped items (https://classit.nmfta.org/). A subscription fee is required to access this list. You can learn more about freight classes from the experts at Koho for free on our freight classes pages.
If the couch you are shipping has not been assembled yet and you are shipping various components that you can use freight class 250. If you are shipping a complete product then you should use freight class 175.