Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Athletic Goods for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Athletic Goods and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's the ratio between the weight of an item and its volume in cubic feet.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Athletic Goods, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's a term used in shipping to describe how well an item can be packed for transportation.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Athletic Goods. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. It's the risk of damage, loss, or theft associated with transporting goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Athletic Goods. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Athletic Goods. It's the actions taken to move and store freight securely.
Baseball or boxing, in boxes.
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
HSN stands for Harmonized System of Nomenclature. It is a system for classifying commodities created by the World Customs organization. U.S. LTL shipping, however, uses NMFC classifications instead.
The class determines the cost of the shipping. The lower the class, the lower the cost.