Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Boilers, Furnaces, Stoves and related Articles for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Boilers, Furnaces, Stoves and related Articles and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. Density is a key characteristic of a shipment that affects its freight class.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Boilers, Furnaces, Stoves and related Articles, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is the factor that determines how easily an item can be stored for transportation.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Boilers, Furnaces, Stoves and related Articles. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability in freight class calculation refers to the potential risk associated with transporting a specific type of cargo.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Boilers, Furnaces, Stoves and related Articles. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Boilers, Furnaces, Stoves and related Articles. Handling is the steps taken to manage freight during the shipping process.
Boilers Furnaces Stoves And Related Articles
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
Almost all U.S. LTL carriers use NMFC freight classes, although some are attempting to move to a dimensionally-based system.
It might be tempting to declare that your shipment is a lower freight class than it actually is in order to secure a lower price, however, carriers will re-classify your freight for accuracy and charge you a fee for having to do so.