Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Boots for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Boots and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's the measure of a shipment's mass per unit volume.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Boots, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's an assessment of how easily a shipment can be loaded and transported.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Boots. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. It's the potential for monetary loss due to damaged or lost shipments.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Boots. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Boots. It's the careful treatment of goods during transport.
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
Created and maintained by a nonprofit organization called the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA), National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is a classification system used for interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce movement of LTL shipments. You can learn more on our freight classes pages.
Freight Class 500 freight is the most expensive to ship. This classification is reserved for items of very high value or for items that use lots of space but weigh very little.