Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Cabinets, or parts named for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Cabinets, or parts named and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's a way to determine how much space a shipment will occupy in relation to its weight.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Cabinets, or parts named, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is how well a shipment can be packed or stored with other shipments.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Cabinets, or parts named. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability refers to the risk of damage or loss during the transportation of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Cabinets, or parts named. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Cabinets, or parts named. Handling refers to the actions involved in managing goods during transportation.
Wooden, KD, not further finished than primed, without fittings
With or without components of other materials, wheeled, in boxes
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
Created and maintained by a nonprofit organization called the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA), National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is a classification system used for interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce movement of LTL shipments. You can learn more on our freight classes pages.
The National Motor Freight and Traffic Association has 18 freight classes numbered 50 to 500. The lower the freight class, the lower the cost of transporting that freight.