Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Coolers for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Coolers and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's the weight-to-volume ratio of a shipment.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Coolers, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is how well a shipment can be loaded and transported.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Coolers. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability is the accountability assumed for the safe transport of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Coolers. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Coolers. Handling is the steps taken to move and store goods during transportation.
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
The National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is the freight classification system devised by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) and is used for all interstate, intrastate, and foreign commercial movement of LTL cargo. NMFC codes provide standardized freight classes to determine the ease of transport of many of the wide variety of commodities that are shipped together in LTL shipments.
The first step in determining your freight class is to take measurements. Measure the height, width and depth of your shipment then multiple those three measurements together for the total cubic feet. Then divide the total cubic inches by 1,728 (the number of cubic inches in a cubic foot). Finally, divide the weight (in pounds) of the shipment by the total cubic feet.