Drugs, Medicines, Toilet Preparations or Personal Care Products

What is Freight Class?

Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Drugs, Medicines, Toilet Preparations or Personal Care Products for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.

How to determine Freight Class

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Density

Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Drugs, Medicines, Toilet Preparations or Personal Care Products and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's a calculation of the mass per unit volume of a shipment.

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STOWABILITY

Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Drugs, Medicines, Toilet Preparations or Personal Care Products, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is the characteristic of a shipment that determines how easily it can be stored.

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LIABILITY

Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Drugs, Medicines, Toilet Preparations or Personal Care Products. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability refers to the potential for loss or damage during the transportation of goods.

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HANDLING

Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Drugs, Medicines, Toilet Preparations or Personal Care Products. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Drugs, Medicines, Toilet Preparations or Personal Care Products. Handling is about the procedures involved in moving and storing goods.

Freight Class Commodities

Tips

Drugs

Perfume Or Perfumery

Personal Care Products

Soap

Toilet Preparations

Water

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100

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--

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60

Mineral, concentrated or fortified, without dextrose or with not in excess of 7 percent dextrose, in boxes or drums, or in glass in bottle carriers with tops securely fastened

Common Commodity Items

Classes

NMFC® SUBCLASSES

For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.

FAQs

How do I get my NMFC code?

An organization known as the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) publishes a list of freight class designations, codes, and subclasses for many commonly shipped commodities (https://classit.nmfta.org/). You must pay a subscription fee to view this list. For more information about freight classes for free on our freight classes pages.

Is an NMFC code required?

Adding NMFC code to a shipment is technically optional, but the NMFC codes can help avoid reclassification and ensure you're using the correct freight class number.