Electrical Equipment

What is Freight Class?

Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Electrical Equipment for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.

How to determine Freight Class

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Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Electrical Equipment and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. Density in freight shipments is a measure of how much space an item will take up relative to its weight.

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Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Electrical Equipment, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's a measure of how easily a shipment can be packed or loaded for shipping.

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Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Electrical Equipment. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. It's the level of responsibility a carrier has for the safe delivery of a shipment.

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Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Electrical Equipment. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Electrical Equipment. It's the steps taken to manage goods during shipping.

Freight Class Commodities


Bicycle Sheets

Electircal Batteries

Electrical Appliances

Electrical Batteries

Electrical Cables

Electrical Circuit Breakers

Electrical Enclosures

Electrical Equipment In Boxes Or Packages

Electrical Fans

Electrical Generators

Electrical Instruments

Electrical Loudspeakers

Electrical Motors

Electrical Parts Thereof

Electrical Terminal

Electrical Transformer Parts

Electrical Transformers

Generators And Engines Combined

Televisions Tvs

Uninterruptible Power Supplies Upss





















Electric, in boxes or in Package 2272.

Not listed in 49 CFR §172.101, Hazardous Materials Table, does not apply on batteries that are mounted in cabinets or racks, with or without wiring or electrical controls, nor on fuel cells, in boxes, storage batteries, including automobile batteries, may also be shipped in crates or Package 2064 or on lift truck skids or pallets.

Spark plug or ignition, in boxes.

829, 979, 1018, 2320 or 2396.

NOI, applies only when switchboards consist of an assembly of circuit protection or monitoring devices to control the distribution of electrical energy produced by the generator, applies only on generators, alternators or motors which convert mechanical power to electrical power or vice versa, but does not apply on systems which employ programmable controllers or control units which constitute data processing machines, systems or devices or components of data processing machines, systems or devices. See Item 640 for classification of individual components, engine cooling tanks attached or detached, also applies on accompanying fuel tanks not exceeding 5 gallons capacity when unit weighs under 4,000 pounds, and not exceeding 20 gallons capacity when unit weighs 4,000 pounds or over, in boxes or crates, or on skids when weighing 4,000 pounds or over, when units weighing 4,000 pounds or over are shipped on skids and the control panel is removed, it must be boxed or crated, and when control panel is not removed, it must be adequately protected against damage.

Containing a sealed lead acid battery and transformer, applies on articles primarily designed to provide a temporary back-up power source for computers and other electronic equipment in the event of a power failure, in boxes.

Common Commodity Items



For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.


What is a freight code?

National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is a freight classification system created by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) and used for interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce shipping of LTL cargo. NMFC freight codes provide standardized freight classes to determine the ease of transport of many of the huge variety of different commodities being shipped together in LTL shipments every year.

If I am shipping a couch when do I use freight class 250 vs freight class 175?

If the couch you are shipping has not been assembled yet and you are shipping various components that you can use freight class 250. If you are shipping a complete product then you should use freight class 175.