Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Farm Equipment for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Farm Equipment and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. Density is the relationship between a shipment's weight and its volume.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Farm Equipment, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's a term that refers to how easily a freight item can be stored or packed for transport.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Farm Equipment. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. It's the risk a carrier assumes for potential damage or loss during transport.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Farm Equipment. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Farm Equipment. It's the actions involved in transporting goods safely.
Plastic Bag Fasteners
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is a freight classification system created by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) and used for interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce shipping of LTL cargo. NMFC freight codes provide standardized freight classes to determine the ease of transport of many of the huge variety of different commodities being shipped together in LTL shipments every year.
Freight class 50 is the least expensive because it refers to the freight that is easiest to transport for the carriers.