Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Feed for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Feed and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's a determinant of the space a shipment will occupy on a truck in relation to its weight.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Feed, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is a measure of how well a shipment can be stowed in relation to other shipments.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Feed. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability refers to the financial risk involved in the transport of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Feed. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Feed. Handling is the process of managing goods safely during transport.
Prepared Pet Food
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
An organization named the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) publishes a list of freight class designations, codes, and subclasses for frequently shipped commodities (https://classit.nmfta.org/). You must pay a subscription fee to view it. Find more information about freight classes from the experts at Koho for free on our freight classes pages.
If the couch you are shipping has not been assembled yet and you are shipping various components that you can use freight class 250. If you are shipping a complete product then you should use freight class 175.