Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Games or Toys for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Games or Toys and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. In LTL shipping, density refers to how heavy a shipment is for its overall volume.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Games or Toys, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is a factor in freight shipping that refers to how efficiently an item can be stowed.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Games or Toys. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. It's the risk associated with transporting goods from one place to another.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Games or Toys. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Games or Toys. Handling refers to the process of managing freight during shipping.
Games Or Toys Games Or Toys Equipment
Games Or Toys Toys
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
An organization known as the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) publishes a list of freight class designations, codes, and subclasses for many commonly shipped commodities (https://classit.nmfta.org/). You must pay a subscription fee to view this list. For more information about freight classes for free on our freight classes pages.
Freight class 50 is the least expensive because it refers to the freight that is easiest to transport for the carriers.