Hats or Millinery

What is Freight Class?

Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Hats or Millinery for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.

How to determine Freight Class

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Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Hats or Millinery and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. In freight terms, density is a measure of how much space an item occupies relative to its weight.

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Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Hats or Millinery, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is the ease of storing or stacking freight items for shipping.

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Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Hats or Millinery. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. It's the carrier's responsibility for the condition of goods during transport.

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Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Hats or Millinery. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Hats or Millinery. Handling refers to the steps taken to ensure the safe transport of goods.

Freight Class Commodities


Hats Spices


Common Commodity Items



For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.


What is NMFC code?

The National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is the freight classification system devised by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) and is used for all interstate, intrastate, and foreign commercial movement of LTL cargo. NMFC codes provide standardized freight classes to determine the ease of transport of many of the wide variety of commodities that are shipped together in LTL shipments.

What happens when a freight class code is wrong?

It might be tempting to declare that your shipment is a lower freight class than it actually is in order to secure a lower price, however, carriers will re-classify your freight for accuracy and charge you a fee for having to do so.