Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Lamps or Lighting for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Lamps or Lighting and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's a crucial factor in determining the freight class of a shipment.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Lamps or Lighting, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability refers to how well a shipment fits with other shipments on a truck.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Lamps or Lighting. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. It's the obligation of the carrier to ensure safe and secure delivery of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Lamps or Lighting. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Lamps or Lighting. Handling refers to the measures involved in transporting goods safely.
Lamps Or Lighting Lamps
Lamps Or Lighting Lighting Fixture
Iron, steel or tin, NOI, with or without sockets, in boxes or crates
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
The National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) created the National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC). It is used for all interstate, intrastate, and foreign commercial movement of LTL cargo. NMFC codes provide standardized freight classes to determine the transportability of the large variety of commodities that are shipped together in LTL shipments every year.
Freight classification groups products based on similar density, stowability, handling and liability so carriers and shippers have an effective way of communicating the ease of transporting said freight.