Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Liquors, Beverage for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Liquors, Beverage and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. Density is a key characteristic of a shipment that affects its freight class.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Liquors, Beverage, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's a measure of how well a freight item can be stowed or packed for shipping.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Liquors, Beverage. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability in freight class calculation refers to the potential risk associated with transporting a specific type of cargo.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Liquors, Beverage. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Liquors, Beverage. It's the process of moving and storing goods in a way that prevents damage.
Liquors Liquors Alcoholic
NOI, not required by the U.S. Department of Transportation to bear a Hazard Class or Hazard Division label or placard, Does not apply on materials regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation as hazardous and required to bear a Hazard Class or Hazard Division label or placard. For classes applicable to such hazardous materials, see provisions elsewhere in this Classification, in boxes, drums or Packages 1343, 1352, 2297 or 2539
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
The National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) publishes a list of freight class designations, codes, and subclasses for commonly shipped items (https://classit.nmfta.org/). A subscription is required to view this list. You can read more about freight classes at Koho for free on our freight classes pages.
It might be tempting to declare that your shipment is a lower freight class than it actually is in order to secure a lower price, however, carriers will re-classify your freight for accuracy and charge you a fee for having to do so.