Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Pads, Padding and Related Articles for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Pads, Padding and Related Articles and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's the measure of how compact a shipment is in freight shipping.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Pads, Padding and Related Articles, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's a factor in freight class that determines how easily a shipment can be stored.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Pads, Padding and Related Articles. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability is the responsibility assumed for any potential issues that may arise during the transport of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Pads, Padding and Related Articles. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Pads, Padding and Related Articles. It's the precautions taken when transporting goods.
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
Created and maintained by a nonprofit organization called the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA), National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is a classification system used for interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce movement of LTL shipments. You can learn more on our freight classes pages.
CWT stands for hundredweight. LTL shipments are priced ‚Äúper 100 pounds,‚Äù ‚Äúcwt,‚Äù or ‚Äúper hundredweight.‚Äù This means that a 400 lb shipment priced at $25 CWT would cost $100, not including accessories or specialty services.