Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Pallets for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Pallets and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's a way to determine how much space a shipment will occupy in relation to its weight.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Pallets, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's a measure used in freight shipping to determine how well an item can be packed.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Pallets. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability refers to the risk of damage or loss during the transportation of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Pallets. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Pallets. It's the care taken when moving and storing goods.
Pallets Pallet Platforms
Pallets Pallet Racks
For lift trucks, corrugated fiberboard combined with corrugated fiberboard-faced wood, veneer or plywood, in sheets, not assembled nor set up for use
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
HSN stands for Harmonized System of Nomenclature. It is a system for classifying commodities created by the World Customs organization. U.S. LTL shipping, however, uses NMFC classifications instead.
The class determines the cost of the shipping. The lower the class, the lower the cost.