Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Plastic Materials, Other than Expanded for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Plastic Materials, Other than Expanded and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. Density is the weight of a shipment divided by its volume in cubic feet.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Plastic Materials, Other than Expanded, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is the characteristic of a shipment that determines how efficiently it can be stored.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Plastic Materials, Other than Expanded. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. It's the risk of damage or loss that a carrier assumes when shipping goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Plastic Materials, Other than Expanded. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Plastic Materials, Other than Expanded. Handling refers to the operations involved in safely moving goods.
Plastic Materials Flakes
Plastic Materials Liquid
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is a freight classification system created by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) and used for interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce shipping of LTL cargo. NMFC freight codes provide standardized freight classes to determine the ease of transport of many of the huge variety of different commodities being shipped together in LTL shipments every year.
Freight class 50 is the least expensive because it refers to the freight that is easiest to transport for the carriers.