Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Plumbers' goods for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Plumbers' goods and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's the factor that determines how much space a shipment will take up on a truck relative to its weight.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Plumbers' goods, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's the ability of a shipment to be efficiently loaded onto a truck.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Plumbers' goods. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability refers to the carrier's responsibility for the safe and secure transport of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Plumbers' goods. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Plumbers' goods. It's the actions involved in moving and storing goods safely.
Plumbers Goods Dispensers Shampoo Soap
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
An organization called the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) publishes a list of freight class designations, codes, and subclasses for many frequently shipped items (https://classit.nmfta.org/). To view this list, you must pay a subscription fee. Learn more about freight classes from the experts at Koho for free on our freight classes pages.
Freight class 50 is the least expensive because it refers to the freight that is easiest to transport for the carriers.