Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Reels for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Reels and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's the weight-to-volume ratio of a shipment.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Reels, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's a factor that determines how efficiently a shipment can be stowed for transport.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Reels. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability is the accountability assumed for the safe transport of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Reels. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Reels. It's the care taken when managing freight during shipping.
NOI, other than gas, in metal drums, cylinders or tanks, or in metal cans in boxes, applies also on one adapter valve in each box.
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
The National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) created the National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC). It is used for all interstate, intrastate, and foreign commercial movement of LTL cargo. NMFC codes provide standardized freight classes to determine the transportability of the large variety of commodities that are shipped together in LTL shipments every year.
It might be tempting to declare that your shipment is a lower freight class than it actually is in order to secure a lower price, however, carriers will re-classify your freight for accuracy and charge you a fee for having to do so.