Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Tools, or Parts Named for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Tools, or Parts Named and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. Density is a key parameter for determining the freight class of a shipment.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Tools, or Parts Named, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- Stowability is the ability of a shipment to be efficiently stowed or packed.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Tools, or Parts Named. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. It's the financial responsibility for damage or loss that occurs during shipment.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Tools, or Parts Named. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Tools, or Parts Named. Handling refers to the measures taken to move and store goods safely.
Tools Or Parts Foam Plastic
Tools Or Parts Power Tools
Tools Or Parts Tools
In boxes or crates
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
The National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is the freight classification system devised by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) and is used for all interstate, intrastate, and foreign commercial movement of LTL cargo. NMFC codes provide standardized freight classes to determine the ease of transport of many of the wide variety of commodities that are shipped together in LTL shipments.
Freight classification groups products based on similar density, stowability, handling and liability so carriers and shippers have an effective way of communicating the ease of transporting said freight.