Freight class is a standard classification system for shipments, defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). It's used to categorize commodities like Vehicle Parts for transport, taking into account factors like weight, dimensions, density, storage capability, ease of handling, and liability. Freight class is a system to categorize different types of goods being shipped.
Density is a key concept in freight shipping, as it significantly impacts the freight class for commodities like Vehicle Parts and hence, the shipping cost. It is calculated as the weight of the shipment divided by its volume. It's a calculation of the mass per unit volume of a shipment.
Stowability is used in freight shipping to describe how easily an item can be stowed or stored in relation to other items. For example, when trying to understand stowability for Vehicle Parts, it is important to know if the item can be packaged efficiently and stowed onto the truck easily. In other words- It's a term that refers to how easily a freight item can be stored or packed for transport.
Liability is a term used to refer to the accountability or risk involved in transporting Vehicle Parts. It's one of the factors considered when determining freight class. Liability refers to the potential for loss or damage during the transportation of goods.
Handling refers to the procedures and precautions taken when moving and storing Vehicle Parts. It is one of the factors considered when determining freight class for Vehicle Parts. It's the operations involved in safely transporting freight.
Vehicles Parts Tires
Common Commodity Items
For many NMFC® codes there isn’t just one single class that is applied. Often, NMFC® numbers have multiple "sub-classes", which are almost always based on the density of the shipment. In the instance where your NMFC® number has multiple sub classes, it's best to contact an expert, like Koho, to help identify which subclass to use.
Created and maintained by a nonprofit membership organization named the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA), National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is a classification system used for interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce movement of LTL shipments. You can learn more from the experts at Koho on our freight classes pages.
Working with a 3PL like Koho can help you accurately determine your freight class so you can avoid re-classification fees with the carriers. For more information on the freight class system, go to the National Motor Freight and Traffic Association.