What is Freight Class 110?

Freight Class 110 is the classification most appropriate for framed paintings and artwork, cabinets, and table saws that weigh 8-9lbs per cubic foot. Less-than-truckload shipping uses a freight classification system determined by the National Motor Freight and Traffic Association to help shippers and carriers effectively communicate the transportability of their freight. Freight class determination is based on four categories; density, stowability, liability and handling. How much your freight weighs in relation to its size, whether or not it will fit in the trailer easily with other freight, if it’s at risk for theft or if it will need special loading equipment are all factors that need to be considered when determining the appropriate freight class.

What determines Freight Class?

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The density of a commodity is identified by its dimensions and weight. Freight class code 110 should have a density of 8-9 pounds per cubic foot.

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Will your freight need to be loaded with special equipment? If the size and shape of the items you are shipping require a lift or a dock it will influence your freight class determination since the carrier will have to spend more time loading and unloading your freight.

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Will your carrier need to take extra precautions to keep your freight safe? If you are shipping rare or valuable items such as works of art that are prone to theft this will affect your freight class determination since the carrier will have to make special arrangements.

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Will the packaging of your freight allow for other items to easily fit in the carrier’s trailer? Shipping works of art like framed paintings that can’t have anything packed on top of them impacts the capacity of the carrier and, ultimately, your freight class determination.

Look Up Commodities for Freight Class

There is a wide variety of commodities that’s classified under this freight class number. We’ve outlined some of the most common commodities we ship, their associated freight class numbers and NMFC® code to help you get the most accurate freight quote for your shipment.


Are all cabinets freight class 110?
No. Cabinets may be included in freight classes from 92.5 to 300.
What are NMFC® freight subclasses?
NMFC® freight subclasses are used to differentiate among commodities of the same type. For example, one NMFC® code for chairs/stools is 82790. Subclasses 82790-1 and 82790-11, despite have the same base NMFC® code, fall into two different freight classes.
Can I always use density to find the right NMFC® class?
No. While density is one of the primary factors in determining NMFC® freight class, other factors, such as value, are also used in making that determination. Gold bars, for example, are very dense, but they fall into shipping class 500 along with very low-density items because of their high value.

Other Freight Class Resources