Freight Class 300

What is Freight Class 300?

Freight Class 300 is the classification most appropriate for tables, chairs, wood cabinets, canoes, and kayaks that weigh 2-3lbs per cubic foot. Less-than-truckload shipping uses a freight classification system determined by the National Motor Freight and Traffic Association to help shippers and carriers effectively communicate the transportability of their freight. Freight class determination is based on four categories; density, stowability, liability and handling. How much your freight weighs in relation to its size, whether or not it will fit in the trailer easily with other freight, if it’s at risk for theft or if it will need special loading equipment are all factors that need to be considered when determining the appropriate freight class.

What determines Freight Class?

The density of a commodity is identified by its dimensions and weight. Freight class code 300 should have a density of 2-3 pounds per cubic foot.

Will your freight need to be loaded with special equipment? If the size and shape of the items you are shipping require a lift or a dock it will influence your freight class determination since the carrier will have to spend more time loading and unloading your freight.

Will your carrier need to take extra precautions to keep your freight safe? If you are shipping rare or highly valuable items that might be prone to theft that will affect your freight class determination since the carrier will have to make special arrangements.

Will the packaging of your freight allow for other items to easily fit in the carrier’s trailer? Shipping sporting products like canoes and kayaks that can’t have anything packed on top of them impacts the capacity of the carrier and, ultimately, your freight class determination.

Look Up Commodities for Freight Class

There is a wide variety of commodities that’s classified under this freight class number. We’ve outlined some of the most common commodities we ship, their associated freight class numbers and NMFC code to help you get the most accurate freight quote for your shipment.

FAQs

Are all tables and chairs freight class 300?
No. Furniture such as tables and chairs can belong to a wide range of freight classes depending on factors such as whether or not they are assembled and what materials they are made from.
What is density?
Density is the relationship between weight and size. A ping pong ball, which is very little material surrounding a good amount of air, is low density. Bricks, which are heavy for their size, are high density. In LTL shipping, it is commonly measured in pounds per cubic foot.
What does NOI stand for?
NOI stands for Not Otherwise Indicated. This is used when a commodity does not have an NMFC code. In these cases, density is usually used to determine freight class.