HSN stands for Harmonized System of Nomenclature. It is a system for classifying commodities created by the World Customs organization. U.S. LTL shipping, however, uses NMFC classifications instead.
Every commodity has both a freight class and a NMFC code. Freight class represents a category of items while NMFC codes relate to specific commodities within each of the 18 freight classes.
No. While density is one of the primary factors in determining NMFC freight class, other factors, such as value, are also used in making that determination. Gold bars, for example, are very dense, but they fall into shipping class 500 along with very low-density items because of their high value.