National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) is a freight classification system created by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) and used for interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce shipping of LTL cargo. NMFC freight codes provide standardized freight classes to determine the ease of transport of many of the huge variety of different commodities being shipped together in LTL shipments every year.
Freight classification groups products based on similar density, stowability, handling and liability so carriers and shippers have an effective way of communicating the ease of transporting said freight.
NMFC freight subclasses are used to differentiate among commodities of the same type. For example, one NMFC code for chairs/stools is 82790. Subclasses 82790-1 and 82790-11, despite have the same base NMFC code, fall into two different freight classes.