An organization named the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) publishes a list of freight class designations, codes, and subclasses for frequently shipped commodities (https://classit.nmfta.org/). You must pay a subscription fee to view it. Find more information about freight classes from the experts at Koho for free on our freight classes pages.
The National Motor Freight and Traffic Association has 18 freight classes numbered 50 to 500. The lower the freight class, the lower the cost of transporting that freight.
No, not all commodities have freight subclasses, although many do.