The National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) publishes a list of freight class designations, codes, and subclasses for commonly shipped items (https://classit.nmfta.org/). A subscription is required to view this list. You can read more about freight classes at Koho for free on our freight classes pages.
It might be tempting to declare that your shipment is a lower freight class than it actually is in order to secure a lower price, however, carriers will re-classify your freight for accuracy and charge you a fee for having to do so.
NOI stands for Not Otherwise Indicated. This is used when a commodity does not have an NMFC code. In these cases, density is usually used to determine freight class.